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《Geographical Research》 1996-02
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EARTH SYSTEM SCIENCE AND GEO-INFORMATICS

Chen Shupeng;Zeng Shan(LREIS,Institute of Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences Beijing, 100101)  
Earth system science should not be accepted as a pure science which cannot survive beyond itssocial context. This paper first provides a systematic view interpreting the architecture of earth system science. which has global change studies and regional sustainable development being its 'start'and 'end' points between which the linkage is established by two other orderly phases: regional modeling and macro-regulating information system. It is suggested that research into global change be strengthened in terms of the differentiation of regional physical environment and social progress.and that macro-regulating information system thereupon be employed to reveal the interaction between the global and regional levels of the earth system. Particular emphasis is then given to regional sustainable development──the objective of earth system science studies.This paper also examines the methodology which is applied to the studies on earth system science, arguing the very importance of utilizing space technologies and spatial information to achieve this objective. Human society has already stepped into the so-called space and information era which offers geo-scientific research advanced technologies such as telecommunication networks, applied saellites and information systems, among which the latter is the one connects regional modeling to regional sustainable development. Clearly, there is no reason not to activate them in such research.From the preceding discussion, the rest part of this paper explicitly demonstrates the relationship between earth system science and geographical information system(GIS): To achieve regional sustainable development. we need macro regulation to coordinate between regions the flow of population, of material. of energy and of information. With the information flow being the dominant factor. GIS directly participates in the implementation of regional sustainable development. thus underpinning earth system science.
【CateGory Index】: P31
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