SHEN YUCHANG AND GEOMORPHOLOGY IN CHINA
Li Bingyuan , Xu Jiongxin , Jin Desheng , You Lianyuan and Zhang Qingsong (Institute of Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences )
Professor Shen Yuchang is a famous geographer and outstanding geomorphologist in China. ln the 60 years of doing geographical research , his outstanding contributions to geomorphology can be generalized as follows. 1 . Contribution in fluvial geomorphology Prof. Shen is the founder of modern geomorphology in China. ln his 40 - year work at fluvial geomorphology , he has made a great contribution to many important issues in fluvial geomor- phology , leading to the establishment of fluvial geomorpholody in China as a science. After the founding of new China , in order to meet the needs for the construction of large-scale water conser- vancy works , he organized the research workers of Geomorphological Department to make system- atic research into the Changjiang River valley and its tributaries, and established the theory of rive valley geomorphology in China , which was represented by his monograph River Valley Geomor- phology of the Changjiang River.In this book , he first studied the history of Changjiang valley de- velopment in a systematic way , on the basis of many reliable evidences. ln 1960s , aiming at the new tendency of emphasizing modern processes in the international geomorphological community , he de- veloped the research direction of channel processes in China ,and thereby promoted the fluvial geo- morphology to a new stage. He put forward a new classification of river channel patterns , and made an incised study of the braided pattern of the lower Yellow River. 2 . Geomorphological regionalization , survey and mapping ln his famous papers and monograph A Discussion On Landform Types and Geomorphological Regionalization,On the Principles and Approaches in Geomorphological Regionalization,Geomor- phological Regionalization in China, he developed a systematic theory on landform classification and geomorphological regionalization , which has been widely applied in practice of landform survey and mapping in China. ln the 1980s , he organized the project of 1 : 1 000000 geomorphological mapping in China , publishing a standardized geomorphological survey and mapping manual and 15 geomor- phological maps in selected areas , which have been regarded as a benchmark in geomorphological suyvey and mapping in China. 3 . Applided geomorphology Prof. Shen emphazed the importance of combining geomorphological research to economic con-struction , and made many great contributions to applied geomorphology , among which the most fa- mous are the site selection for the Danjiangkou Reservoir and the Three Gorges Dam , the course se-1ection for the long distance water transfer from the Hanjiang to Huanghe Rivers , and. the line selec-tion for the railway construction in Southwest China.
【CateGory Index】： K81;P931