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Mao Hanying (Institute of Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101)  
Sustainable development , one of the basic national policies of China, will direct the great scale of exploitation of Northwest China (NC) in the coming 20-30 years. lmportant problems that influence sustainable development of NC in the acrossing century were analysised thorough- ly in the paper. Countermeasures were put forward. They are followign: (1) Current opportu- nity that will speed up regional economic development should be taken to narrow disparity be- tween NC and coastal area. For this purpose , some countermeasures were suggested. (2) Based on its low level of regional industrial structures , obvious duality structure , unbalanced propor- tion between light and heavy industries , slow development of town and township enterprises , NC should expand exploitation scale of superior resources , and should depend on scientific and technic progress to strenghen processing ability of energy and raw materials , to extend industri- al chain and raise additional value of resources and related degree within industries. (3) lnfras- tructure construction should be fastened and developed in advance , especially in railway con- struction, highway construction , energy supply and communication construction. lnvestment environment should be improved. Special attention should be paid to soft investment environ- ment. (4) According to NC's situation , it is better to select point-axis developmental model to develop NC. lmportant developmental areas should be Guanzhong Area around Xi'an , Upper Reaches Area of the Yellow River around Lanzhou , North Foot Area of the Tianshan Mountains around Wulumuqi , Hexi Corridor and Chaidamu Basin. (5) lnadeqate water resources and weak ecological environment are limiting factors for NC's sustainable development; therefore , ratio- nal water utilization, ecological environment protection and administer should be taken serionus- ly.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金
【CateGory Index】: F127
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