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Liu Peilin (Dept. of Geography, Hengyang Teachers' College, Hengyang, Hunan 421008) Dong Shuangshuang (Institute of Geography, Chinese Academy of Science, Beijing 100101)  
Using the concept of “image” and borrowing the method of studying settlement space from sensitive forms, this paper makes a preliminary study on polydimensional space of Chinese ancient villages. The characteristic of Chinese ancient villages is “recognizable” and “impressive” because of their perspicuous symbols and sensitive forms, which consist a livid psychological picture of memory space. The ancient villages in the southern watery area can be considered as an excellent illustration: houses built by rivers, stone bridges above the brooks, and busy boats…. What a beautiful polydimensional image of an ancient village. This paper discusses four kinds of images in Chinese ancient village: (1) image of mountains and rivers; (2) image of ecology; (3) image of patriarchal clans; (4) image of pursuing auspiciousness. It also compares the images of landscape among different regions: (1) image of the southern watery area is “bridge, river, and houses”; (2) image of mountainous region in southern Anhui province is “Living in picture, unaware of the deep valley”; (3) Image of the Kejia villages at the joint of Fujian, Guangdong and Jiangxi is “Muddy house makes me safe, Fengshui brings me luck”; (4) Image of the Dai villages in Yunnan is “a view of bajao banana, bamboo houses and temples”; (5) Image of cave dwelling villages in northwest is “a combination with Nature”; (6) Image of Do villages in the joint of Hunan, Guizhou and Guangxi is “towering drumhouse and capped Fengyu bridge”; (7) Image of villages along the rivers in Sichuan province is “Diaojiao housing and building downward the slopes”; (8) Image of the Chayang traditional fishing villages in Guangdong province is “short slope roofs with a lively rhythm”; (9) Image of Xiagxi area is “gorgeous Mato walls and rich Tianji lines”.Carl O.Sauer, a famous American geographer claimed the core of human geography research was to explain cultural landscape. The ancient village images discussed in this paper can be regarded as a new form of cultural landscape research. I wish the paper can offer some new angles of thinking in cultural geography, village landscape planing and tourist cultural village designing.
【Fund】: 湖南省教委科研资助
【CateGory Index】: K928.5
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