Refinement of drama in the Ming Dynasty
YU Wei-min(Chiness Department, Nanjing University ,Nanjing 210093,China )
Most dramatists in the Song and Yuan Dynasties were artists and literati who were of low strata.From "Pi pa ji " on ,the upper l iterati began to take the place of the lower,and this distinguished the dramas in the Ming Dynasty from that in the Song Dynasty. At first ,there ap peared many dramatist groups such as "Wu lun ", "Kunshan","Wujiang"and "L inchuan", and then, dramas tended to be elegent in such aspects as subject matt er,figare,words,and temperament. Drama was then ranked among elegant classics a s poems and prose;on the other hand,it was also taken far from the stage,and bec ame one kind of text only for reading.