Frames of mind of literati in the Ming Dynasty
XIA Xian-chun (Institute of Literature,Shanghai Academy of Social Sciences,Shanghai 200235,China)
The Ming history reflected distinct political,economic and cultural characteristics in the early, middle and late dynasty. Accordingly, the literati showed different frames of mind which were mainly expressed in the aspects of emotion and sense, refinement and popularity, singleness and diversity. Their frames of mind produced a great influence on the development of literature,art and academic studies.