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《Journal of Southeast University (Natural Science Edition)》 2005-03
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Ecological footprint of urban transportation: a case study of Beijing city

Liang Yong Cheng Shengkui Min Qingwen (Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China)  
In order to reflect the pressure and effect of human transportation activities on natural ecosystems, based on the theory and method of ecological footprint (EF) the paper calculates the EFs of public buses and trolley buses, subway, urban metro, taxis, small buses and private cars of Beijing city in 2002. The results show that the EFs of private cars, taxis, public buses and trolley buses, small buses, subway, and light rail are 7.27×10~5, 2.42×10~5, 1.59×10~5, 0.71×10~5, (0.32×10~5,) and 0.23×10~5hm~2, respectively. The average EF of private cars is roughly 5.67 times larger than that of buses, which demonstrates that private cars have much more threats and pressures on eco-environment than public vehicles. Therefore, it is necessary to encourage the public transportation development preferentially and to restrict the private vehicles reasonably so as to achieve sustainable development of urban transportation.
【Fund】: 中国科学院知识创新工程重要方向性资助项目(KZCX2SW3180204).
【CateGory Index】: X820
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