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《Military Medical Journal of Southeast China》 2012-01
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Research on neck muscular strength in military pilots and the effects of muscle strength training

CHEN Qiong,SHEN Si-yun,XIA Ling,LI Jiao-jie,CHEN Xiao-ping,CHEN Xiao-jian,XU Jian-hua.Air force Hangzhou Aviation Medicine Assessment and Training Center,Hangzhou,Zhejiang 310007,China  
Objective To evaluate the strength of neck muscles of military pilots and the effects of the strength training.Methods Fifty military pilots from 5 groups,i.e.transporter pilots group,helicopter pilots group,fighter and attacker pilots group,bomber pilots group and primary trainer pilots group,10 in each group,received strength training in neck muscles,all together 9 times in 3 weeks.The training was carried out by CME-1 Neck Muscle Training Machine.Among the 9-time training,the 1st,3rd,4th,6th,7th and 9th were isometric exercises,the 2nd,5th and 8th were changeable velocity and resistant(CVR) exercises.The mean of peak muscle strength and the mean of peak impulse in 10 seconds of the extension,flexion,left and right lateral bending directions of the neck muscles were recorded in the 1st,3rd,6th and 9th time training.Results ①The mean of peak muscle strength and the mean of peak impulse in 10 seconds of the extension and flexion directions of the neck muscles of the transporter pilots group,were obviously lower than that of the other pilot groups(P0.05).②The mean of peak muscle strength and the mean of peak impulse in 10 seconds of all the directions of the neck muscles of all military pilots in the 3rd,6th and 9th time training,were significantly higher than that in the 1st time training.After 3 weekstraining,the relative increment of the mean of peak muscle strength of the four mentioned directions of the neck muscles were 47.4%,42.6%,65.2% and 55.5% respectively,while the relative increment of the mean of peak impulse in 10 seconds were 51.6%,41.8%,63.3% and 53.9% respectively.Conclusion Neck muscular strength in the flexion and extension directions of the transporter pilots group were relatively weaker than that of the other 4 pilots groups.CME-1 Neck Muscle Training Machine is effective and safe to improve neck muscular strength of military pilots.
【CateGory Index】: R857.14
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