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《Southeast Culture》 2007-03
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Results of Uranium-series Dating on Houshan Site, Benxi, Liaoning Province

ZHANG Li, SHEN Guangjun, FU Renyi, ZHAO Jianxin(Radiogenic Isotope Laboratory, Centre for Microscopy and Microanalysis, University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia)  
The Miaohoushan site, with the recovery of three hominid fossils, 76 stone artifacts and a faunal assemblage of 72 mammalian species, is known for marking the northernmost human presence in Middle Pleistocene China. This paper presents230Th/ 234U dates on four calcite and two fossil samples from the hominid fossil-bearing 5th and 6th depositional layers of the site. The flowstone intercalated in 5th layer yields an age of 526±30 ka, while three speleothem horizons of the 6th layer give ages of 276, 535 and 346ka respectively. Based on these results we propose that the topmost section of the 6th layer should be no less than 200 ka, and the middle part of the 5th layer older than 500 ka. The results here presented, much older than the previous temporal frame based on the U-series dates on fossil bones, are in support of the proposition for a much earlier Homo erectus-archaic Homo sapiens interface in China.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金(40373031);; Wenner-Gren Foundation(Gr.6975)资助项目
【CateGory Index】: K878;K854
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