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《Acta Botanica Boreali-occidentalia Sinica》 2001-02
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Partial rootzone irrigation:its physiological consequences and impact on water use efficiency

ZHANG Jian hua 1,JIA Wen suo 2,KANG Shao zhong 3 (1 Department of Biology,Hongkong Baptist University,2 Department of Horticulture,Beijing 100094,China Agricultural University,3 Institute of Agricultural Soil and Water Engineering,Northwest Sci Te  
Partial rootzone irrigation (PRI) means that only part of the rootzone is wetted as in full irrigation,while the rest is unwatered during certain periods of the growing season of a crop.This practice is predicted to reduce plant water consumption and maintain the biomass production according to two theoretical backgrounds.Firstly,fully irrigated plants usually have widely opened stomata.A small narrowing of the stomatal opening may reduce water loss substantially with little effect on the photosynthesis.Secondly,part of the root system in drying soil can respond to the drying by sending a root sourced signal to the shoots where stomata may be inhibited so that water loss is reduced. In the field,however,this prediction may not be materialized because stomatal control is only part of the transpirational resistance.Transpiration of densely populated field crops,such as wheat and maize,may be less controlled by stomatal opening than that of fruit trees which are more sparsely separated.In addition,it has never been investigated how long the stomata can keep ‘partially’ closed when a prolonged ‘partial’ soil drying is applied.Obviously more works are needed to systematically investigate the physiological consequences and plant water use efficiency when this practice is applied to the field crops and fruit trees.
【Fund】: 国家杰出青年基金!项目 ( 4972 51 0 2 ) ;; 国家重点基础研究发展规划项目! ( G1 9990 1 1 70 8)&&
【CateGory Index】: Q945.17
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