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《Acta Botanica Boreali-occidentalia Sinica》 2002-04
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Anatomical structure of vegetative organs and histochemical localization of ginsenosides in Gynostemma pentaphyllum

LIN Ru 1,2 ,CAO Yu fang 2,HU Zheng hai 2* (1 College of Life Science,Fujian University of Agriculture and Forestry,Fuzhou 350002,China;2 Institute of Botany,Northwest University,Xian 710069,China)  
Gynostemma pentaphyllum is a perennial vine.Its root system is composed of adventitious roots.The primary xylem of root is 2~4 arches,and the secondary structure of root is characterized by a thicker phelloderm.Young climbing stem has 5 angles ,and in its cross sections,there are 2 rings of vascular bundles,with 5 vascular bundles occurring in the outer ring and 4~5 ones in the inner ring,and the perivascular fiber is continuous.In contrast to young climbing stem,the base part of stem is round ,and in its cross section,the secondary xylem and secondary phloem have developed,the perivascular fiber becomes discontinuous,and the vascular bundles become a irregular ring.The leaf of this species is of palmately compound leaf,alternative,whit 5~7 leaflet ,dorsiventral.5 vascular bundles exist in petiole and branch into 7~9 after extending into leaflets.Both the primary vascular bundles of leaf and that of stem are bicollateral.The distribution pattern of ginsnosides in the vegetative organs of Gynostemma pentaphyllum were demonstrated by histochemical localization.Ginsnosides distributed mainly in the assimilating tissue and phloem parenchyma cells and much less were detected in epidermis,phelloderm and collenchyma.
【Fund】: 福建农林大学青年教师基金资助
【CateGory Index】: Q944.6
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