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《Acta Botanica Boreali-occidentalia Sinica》 2003-05
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Anatomical characteristics of leaf epidermis and vessel elements of Schisandra sphenanthera from different districts and their relationships to environmental factors

GAO Jianping, WANG Yanhan,CHEN Daofeng*(Department of Pharmacognosy, School of Pharmacy, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032, China)  
The epidermal characters of mature leaves and vessel elements of Schisandra sphenanthera Rehd.et Wils. from different districts were examined under light microscope. Multistatistical analysis was used to clarify the relationships of the morphological characters of the leaves and vessel elements to the environmental factors of Schisandra sphenanthera, which distribute in different locations. The characters of leaf surface (including the stomatal density, stomatal index, stomatal width and stomatal length) and vessel element (vessel length, vessel width) were determined and compared. As a result, stomatal and secretory cells were rarely observed at the upper epidermis. The stomatal apparatuses on the lower epidermis were assigned to paracytic type and laterocytic type. Stomatal index was 15.05%~22.53%, stomatal length 59.2~74.2 μm, stomatal width 37.9~46.8μm, secretory cell density 1.45~3.99/mm2, respectively. Pitted vessels with simple perforation plate and scalariform perforation plate were commonly observed in the xylem. Vessel length and vessel width were 957.8~1 270.2 μm and 85.0~136.7 μm, respectively. The variations of anatomical characters for the lower of leaves and vessel elements of Schisandra sphenanthera from different districts were definitely. The results of multistatistical analysis showed that the stomatal size and stomatal length were closely related to the annual mean temperature. The stomatal size and stomatal length were decreased when the annual mean temperature increased. With the increase of annual precipitation, vessel length/vessel width (VL/VD) increased, but stomatal width decreased. Secretory cell density decreased with the increasing of relative humidity.
【Fund】: 高校博士点基金项目 2000026519 ;; 国家自然科学基金项目 30271586 ;; 高校优秀青年教师教学和科研奖励基金项目 1999-71
【CateGory Index】: Q944.56
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