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《Acta Botanica Boreali-occidentalia Sinica》 2005-02
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Biodiversity of Main Typical Manmade Communities in Forest Region of Mountain Wutai, Shanxi

ZHOU Ze-fu~(1,2),WANG Yan-ping~2,ZHANG Guang-can~2 (1 Forest Silviculture Laboratory of State Forestry Administration,The Research Institute of Forestry,Chinese Academy of Forest;Beijing 100091,China;2 College of Forestry, Shandong Agricultural University,Tai'an,Shandong 271018,China)  
The characteristics of species diversity of four typical manmade communities in forest region of Mountain Wutai, Shanxi province was systematically studied. The results were as follow:Firstly, the differences of Simpson index and Shannon-Wienner index of shrub and herb layer among four manmade communities were non-significant. But the richness and evenness index were significant. The development of herbs was better than shrubs obviously. Secondly, each manmade community was still in the primary stage of succession. The vegetation under woody layer was mainly sunny species as herbaceae. Thirdly, the results of (tvalue) test on the diversity of shrub and herb layer in four manmade communities showed that the difference of species diversity between Betula forest and Pinus forest, Populus forest, was significant(P0.05). Others were not significant. The shrub species in Populus forest were more than other forests. So, the diversity index was higher, the evenness index was lower and the diverse degree of species was higher. But, the biodiversity of Pinus forest was poor. Fourthly, the analysis of total diversity characteristic of four manmade communities showed that the total diversity of Betula and Populus forest had significant difference from Pinus forest. The total diversity of manmade broad leafed forest was stronger, coniferous forest weaker. Broad leafed forest was advantageous to development and renewal of vegetation under woody layer. Fifthly, the research on the biodiversity of manmade ecosystem was the continuation of eco-environment project as natural forest protection. The research on manmade ecosystem biodiversity was important to evaluate the effect of vegetation recovery and re-construction.
【Fund】: "十五" 国家科技攻关子专题项目 (编号2001BA510B0404 )
【CateGory Index】: S718.5
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