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《Acta Botanica Boreali-occidentalia Sinica》 2005-05
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Genetic Analysis of Biochemical Traits in Short Season Upland Cotton with No Premature Senescence

SONG Mei-zhen,YU Shu-xun~*,FAN Shu-li,YUAN Ri-hong,HUANG Zhen-mao(Cotton Research Institute,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Science,The National Cotton Improvement Center,Anyang,Henan 455004,China)  
Five short season cultivars with no premature senescence were selected to cross with 5 SSC cultivars with premature senescence.The parents,F_1 and F_2 from the reciprocal crosses were field tested in replicated trials in 2001 and 2002.the results indicated that the protecting enzymes of antioxidant system,such as CAT,SOD,and POD existed different genetic characters.CAT existed significant additive~* additive epistasis effects,the next was dominant effects,POD existed significant additive effects,the next was additive~* additive epistasis effects,SOD existed significant dominant effects,the next was additive~* additive epistasis effects,the contents of soluble protein existed significant additive~* additive epistasis effects,IAA existed significant dominant effects,the next was additive effects,ABA existed significant additive effects,the next was dominant effects.These biochemical traits had higher heritabilities and steady passed down offspring.There were different express characters of biochemical traits in various development stages.In boll-setting period,CAT,POD,and SOD existed dominant effects,the next were additive* additive epistasis effects,and the additive effects were small.There were reciprocal relation and control among biochemical traits.CAT activity had negative genetic and phenotypic correlations with POD activity,and positive genetic and phenotypic correlations with SOD activity,POD activity had negative genetic and phenotypic correlations with SOD activity,while the protecting enzymes of antioxidant system had complex correlations with hormones.This study has laid a foundation for exploration on selecting new cultivars and the future QTLs localization on these biochemical traits.
【Fund】: 国家"973"项目(2004CB117300);; 国家"863"计划项目(2002AA241021)
【CateGory Index】: S562
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