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《Acta Botanica Boreali-occidentalia Sinica》 2005-12
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Tracheary Elements in Secondary Xylem of Actaea asiatica (Ranunculaceae)

ZHANG A-juan,REN Yi ,TIAN Xian-hua,ZHANG Xiao-hui(College of Life Sciences,Shaanxi Normal University,Xi'an 710062.China)  
The tracheary elements in secondary xylems of Actaea asiatica root and rhizomes were observe red with a scanning electron microscope and found to contain abundant types,which mainly included tra cheids, tracheid-like vessels , fibriform vessels, and typical vessels. Of these types, the tracheids, tracheid like vessels, fibriform vessels were first found. Scalariform perforation plates .reticulate perforation plates, mixed perforation plates and simple perforation plates were observed in the typical vessels and the reticulate perforation plates,mixed perforation plates were first founded;the lateral-wall perforation plates,multiple end walls and pit membrane vestige were also observed in the tracheary elements. The diverse types of tracheary elements and perforation plates in secondary xylem of A. asiatica show that previous knowledge about the tracheary elements and perforation plates in secondary xylem of A. asiatica is not complete and thus any inferences about the aboriginality and evolution of a taxon made depending on these traits are not reliable. In addition,the paper discusses the distributions of different types of tracheary elements and the relations of their physiological functions with ecological environments,and compares the tracheids of other basal taxa using this plant as the representative of Ranunculaceae.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金资助项目(30130030)
【CateGory Index】: Q944.66
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