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《Acta Botanica Boreali-Occidentalia Sinica》 2009-06
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Comparison of Growth and Reproduction Characters among Different Populations of Eupatorium adenophorum in Yunnan

ZHAO Xiang-jian1,2,LIU Wen-yao1,3,ZHOU meng1,2,MA Wen-zhang1,2 (1 Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Kunming 650223,China;2 Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100093,China;3 Curtin University of Technology,Perth WA6845,Australia)  
Growth and reproduction characters of nine populations of Eupatorium adenophorum in different habitats were investigated in Yunnan Province,and the seed germination as well as the growth of the seedlings cultivated from these populations in greenhouse were observed during the growing period from April 2007 to May 2008.The results showed that:(1)There were significant differences of growth and reproduction characters among nine populations of E.adenophorum.From south to north,the growth traits of each population all showed the trend of declining after initial increase,which is inconsistent with the geological pattern of sites that change from high-temperature limiting area to suitable distribution area and then to low-temperature limiting area.(2)There were significant differences in the root-shoot ratio of the seedling and seed germination index,but the differences in the other indexes were not significant among the nine populations in greenhouse.These results indicated that strong phenotypic plasticity had an important effect on invasive ability of E.adenophorum,while the effect of local adaptation of the weed was not obvious.The weed had strong ability of sexual reproduction and vegetative propagation plants at the edge of its optimal distribution range,and it could extend into the wider areas with increase of the adaptability evolution of the weed.
【Fund】: 云南省自然科学基金项目(2006C0056M);; 中国科学院百人计划"项目(BRJH2002098)
【CateGory Index】: S451
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