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《Acta Botanica Boreali-Occidentalia Sinica》 2010-10
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Effects of Nitrogen Application on Nitrogen Accumulation,Distribution and Translocation of Different Winter Wheat Varieties

CHAI Yan-jun1,2,XIONG You-sheng1,HUANG Li2,YUAN Jia-fu1,XU Xiang-yu1,LIU Ye1(1 Plant Protection and Soil Fertiliter Institute,Hubei Academy of Agricultural Sciences,Wuhan 430064,China;2 College of Resources and Environment,Huazhong Agricultural University,Wuhan,430070,China)  
The experiment was carried out to study the differences of nitrogen accumulation,distribution and translocation of different varieties of wheat:'Emai 14','Emai 18','Emai 23','Zhengmai 9023','Luomai 1',under nitrogen application(195 kg/hm2)and no nitrogen application(0 kg/hm2)in Yellow-cinnamon soils of northern Hubei mound.The results show that nitrogen accumulation,distribution and translocation of winter wheat were affected by varieties and nitrogen regulation.Nitrogen accumulation of each organ was increased remarkably and the increased rates were different among the varieties under the N application.Under no N application,leaf(14.2 kg/hm2),stem sheath(16.6 kg/hm2) and spike(10.8 kg/hm2) nitrogen accumulation of 'Emai 14' were the highest during anthesis stage.Leaf nitrogen accumulation of 'Emai 18',stem sheath and spike nitrogen accumulation of 'Luomai 1' were the lowest,respectively.While under the N application,leaf(71.5 kg/hm2) nitrogen accumulation of 'Emai 23',stem sheath(69.0 kg/hm2) nitrogen accumulation of 'Emai 14' and spike(34.2 kg/hm2) nitrogen accumulation of 'Emai 18' were the highest.Compared to other organs,the nitrogen were accumulated mainly in the leaf before anthesis stage and the nitrogen accumulation of stem sheath were the highest during anthesis stage.The nitrogen transportation efficiency of different organs after mature stage ranked in the following order,leafspikestem.There were significant differences among the different organs in N translocation rate.The nitrogen efficiencies of different varieties were different significantly.The nitrogen recovery and N agronomy efficiency of 'Emai 23' were the highest,the nitrogen physiology efficiency of 'Zhengmai 9023 ' was the highest.In the condition of no nitrogen application,the nitrogen accumulation in different organs before the anthesis stage and the nitrogen accumulation in grain,the nitrogen translocation rate after mature stage of 'Emai 14' were significantly higher than that of varieties.While in the condition of nitrogen application,the nitrogen accumulation,translocation and distribution in different organs among the winter wheat varieties were different significantly.The nitrogen accumulation in grain and plant of 'Emai 14' and 'Emai 23' were significantly higher than those of varieties.
【Fund】: 国家科技支撑计划(2006BAD05B09);; 国家重点基础研究发展规划项目(2005CB121107);; 湖北省农业科技创新中心资助项目(2007-620-003-03-06)
【CateGory Index】: S512.11
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