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《Acta Botanica Boreali-Occidentalia Sinica》 2011-11
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Growth,Development and Flower Differentiation of Wild Primula maximowiczii

TANG Ming1,YOU Xiao-hui1,MU Hui-li1,MAO Juan-juan1,PAN Hui-tang1,2,ZHANG Qi-xiang1,2(1 College of Landscape Architecture,Beijing Forestry University,Beijing 100083,China;2 National Engineering Research Center for Floriculture,Beijing 100083,China)  
The annual growth and development rhythms of wild Primula maximowiczii plants in Dongling Mountains,Beijing were investigated during 2008~2010,and the flower initiation and inflorescence development were observed by light microscope.The results were as follows:(1)The growth and development of P.maximowiczii plants fulfilled under relative cool environment(5℃~20℃,average day temperatures) from May to September,and could be divided into 7 stages,including sprouting phase,vegetable growth phase,blossom phase,fruitage phase,mature fruit phase,flower differentiation phase and dormancy phase.(2)Flower initiation of P.maximowiczii began in middle or late July and finished in early September,which lasted almost two months,and the whole process could be divided into four stages,including vegetative stage,inflorescence primordium differentiation stage,inflorescence formation stage and floret differentiation stage.The plants of P.maximowiczii finished flower differentiation withered during October to April and bloomed in next May.The florets formed from the outside to the inside of an inflorescence.Pistil and stamen formed and developed from middle August to middle September after the flower bud differentiation.The flower bud differentiation was found to be closely correlative to the external morphological traits of P.maximowiczii plants,that could be used to identify the flower development stages easily.
【Fund】: “十二五”国家科技支撑计划课题(2011BAD12B02)
【CateGory Index】: S682.19;Q945
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