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《Power Engineering》 2003-03

## Mathematical Model of a Direct Methanol Fuel Cell (DMFC)

HU Gui lin, FAN Jian ren, CEN Ke fa (Institute of Thermal Power Engrg., Zhejiang Univ., Hangzhou 310027, China)
A two dimensional across the channel mathematical model for simulation of a direct methanol fuel cell is described. The model accounts simultaneously for electrochemical kinetics, hydrodynamics, and multicomponent transport. The two dimensional distributions of concentrations of reactants, the two dimensional distributions of current densities, the crossover flux of methanol fromthe anode to the cathode, and current voltage curve for the fuel cell have been calculated. The obtained results indicate that the concentrations of reactants in the catalyst layers in front of the current collectors are very low; the current density at the edges of the channels is many times greater than the mean current density. Figs 5, table 1 and refs 9.
【Fund】： 浙江省自然科学基金资助项目 (批准号 :5 0 114 0 )
【CateGory Index】： TM911
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 【References】
 Chinese Journal Full-text Database 3 Hits
 1 ZHANG Cheng-jin1,JU Jian-feng2,NI Hong-jun1,HUANG Ming-yu1,LIAO Ping1(1.School of Mechanical Engineering,Nantong University,Nantong Jiangsu 226019,China;2.School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering,Nantong University,Nantong Jiangsu 226019,China);Development of two-phase transmission in the direct methanol fuel cell[J];Chinese Journal of Power Sources;2009-07 2 Qi Liang~1 Xie Xiaofeng~(1**) Xu Jingming~1 Zhou Qifeng~2(1.Institute of Nuclear and New Energy Technology,Tsinghua University,Beijing 100084,China; 2.College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering,Peking University,Beijing 100871,China);Transport Phenomena and Numerical Simulation Related to Water in Direct Methanol Fuel Cell[J];Progress in Chemistry;2006-12 3 Li Xianglin He Yaling Yin Benhao Miao Zheng (State Key laboratory of Multiphase Flow in Power Engineering,School of Energy and Power Engineering,Xi'an Jiaotong University,Xi'an 710049,China);CHARACTERISTICS OF EXERGY TRANSPORT AND ENERGY UTILIZATION IN DIRECT METHANOL FUEL CELL[J];Acta Energiae Solaris Sinica;2008-02
 【Co-references】
 Chinese Journal Full-text Database 10 Hits
 1 WU Maosheng, YU Datai, LI Guo, ZHANG Yangping Information Engineering School, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083, China; Department of Computer Science, Henan Normal University, Xinxiang 453002, China;Effect of Environmental Condition on the Performance of Proton Exchange Mem-brane Fuel Cell[J];Journal of University of Science and Technology Beijing;2003-06 2 Peng Cheng1, Cheng Xuan2, Zhang Ying1, Chen Ling1, Fan Qingbai3 (1. Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005, China) (2. State Key Lab for Phys Chem of Solid Surface, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005, China) (3. Gas Technology Institute, Des Plaines, IL 60018, USA);Recent Investigations of the Methanol Crossover in Direct Methanol Fuel Cells[J];Rare Metal Materials and Engineering;2004-06 3 LI Jian ling , MAO Zong qiang , XU Jing ming (Institute of Nuclear Energy Technology, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084,China);Performance study on direct methanol fuel cell[J];Battery Bimonthly;2002-02 4 TONG Ye xiang 1,LIU Peng 1,SHEN Pei kang 2,YANG Qi qin 1(1 Institute of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering,Zhongshan University,Guangzhou,Guangdong 510275,China; 2.Institute School of Physics and Engineering,Zhongshan University,Guangzhou,Guangdo;Prospects for polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell and direct methanol fuel cell[J];Battery Bimonthly;2002-03 5 CUI Dong-zhou,XIAO Jin-sheng,PAN Mu,YUAN Run-zhang(State Key Laboratory of Advanced Technology for Materials Synthesis and Processing, Wuhan University of Technology,Wuhan, Hubei 430070, China);Water, heat and gas management of proton exchange membrane fuel cell[J];Battery Bimonthly;2004-05 6 HUANG Hong - Hang, SUI Jing.CHEN Hong - yu, LI Wei - shan ( Department of Chemistry, South China Normal University, Guangzhou Guangdong 510631, China);Development of direct methanol fuel cells at home and abroad[J];Chinese Battery Industry;2004-06 7 Yu Jingrong Yi Baolian  Han Ming Cheng Xiaoliang Shao Zhigang Zhang Jingxin (FC R & D Center,Dalian Inst.of Chem.Phys.,Chinese Academy of Sci.,Dalian 116023);High Performance Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells[J];ELECTROCHEMISTRY;1999-04 8 SHAO Zhi_gang *, YI Bao_lian, HAN Ming QIAO Ya_guang, LIU Hao, YU Jing_rong (Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Dalian 116023, China);A New Method for the Preparation of the Electrodes with Very Low Platinum Loading Used in Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell[J];ELECTROCHEMISTRY;2000-03 9 DING Yu-dong,ZHU Xun,BAO Li-jiong,LIAO Qiang(Institute of Engineering Thermophysics,Chongqing University,Chongqing 400044, China);Experimental Study of the Performance of Liquid Fed Direct Methanol Fuel Cells[J];Journal of Power Engineering;2006-04 10 XU Hong feng 1,HAN Ming 2,YI Bao lian 2 (1.Dept. of Applied Chemistry, Dalian Railway Institute,Dalian Liaoning 116028,China; 2.Dalian Chemical Physics Institute,Chinese Academic Science,Dalian Liaoning 116012,China);Cathode mathematical model of proton exchange membrane fuel cell[J];CHINESE JOURNAL OF POWER SOURCES;1999-06
 【Secondary References】
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 1 LI Yun-feng1,2, ZHANG Hua-min1, HU Jun1, CAI Ying-hua1,2, YI Bao-lian1(1.Fuel Cell R&D Center, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Dalian Liaoning 116023, China; 2.Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100039, China);Effects of straight flow-field geometric structure on PEMFC performance[J];Chinese Journal of Power Sources;2005-02 2 KE Xin,YAO Kejian,WANG Lianghua (State Key Laboratory Breeding Base of Green Chemistry-Synthesis Technology,College of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science,Zhejiang University of Technology,Hangzhou 310032,Zhejiang,China);Simulation of effects of hydrophilic properties of channel walls on characteristics of gas-liquid two-phase flow in anode channel of DMFC[J];Chemical Industry and Engineering Progress;2008-02 3 Qi Liang Xie Xiaofeng~(**) Jin Baoduo Guo Jianwei Xu Jingming(Institute of Nuclear and New Energy Technology,Tsinghua University,Beijing 100084,China);AC Impedance Spectroscopy in DMFC Diagnosis[J];Progress in Chemistry;2008-12 4 SU Guo-ping,HAN Ji-tian(School of Vehicle and Energy,Yanshan University, Qinhuangdao 066004,China);Numerical simulation of transport phenomena in the cathode of proton exchange membrane fuel cells[J];Energy Conservation;2007-07 5 GE Xiao-ping1,LIU Cai-gang1,SHI Yan-jing1,2,(College of Chemical Engineering,Qingdao University of Science and Technology1,Qingdao 266042,P.R.China;College of Plant Protection,Shandong Agricultural University2,Taian 271018,P.R.China);The Application of the Microbial Fuel Cells to Wastewater Treatment[J];Science Technology and Engineering;2010-14 6 Yin Benhao,He Yaling,Li Xianglin,Miao Zheng (State Key Laboratory of Multiphase Flow in Power Engineering,Xi'an Jiaotong University,Xi'an 710049,China);STUDY ON THE CHARACTERISTICS OF FLOWING ORGANIZATION IN DMFC PartⅠ:Model Development of Cell with Conventional Symmetrical Plates[J];Acta Energiae Solaris Sinica;2008-09 7 YANG Zhi-kuan1,2,WANG Yao-wu2,XIE Xiao-feng2,GUO Jian-wei2,HU Guo-rong1(1.School of Metallurgical Science and Engineering,Central South University,Changsha 410083,China;2.Institute of Nuclear and New Energy Technology,Tsinghua University,Beijing 100084,China);Preparation and characterization of PtRuP/C catalysts[J];Journal of Central South University(Science and Technology);2008-03
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