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《Geochimica》 1977-01
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A GEOCHEMICAL MODEL OF MESO- AND EPI-HYDROTHERMAL WALLROCK ALTERATION AROUND ORE DEPOSITS, WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO A CER- TAIN ORE DISTRICT

Wang Liankuy Cao Zunchen Yang Bolin Hu Euiying Liu Shixian  
Detailed geological studies and systematic examinations in terms of petrology, petrochemistry, mineralogy and minor element distribution with respect to a number of typical profiles, together with some available experimental data, have improved our understanding of the general regularity regarding meso- and epi-hydrothermal alterations of Si-, Al-, K-, Na~ rich wallrocks as is referred to as the "geochemical model of alteration evolution" in this paper. General trend and broad similarities are recognizable in the process of hydrothermal alterations. It is clear that the continued variation in ionic concentration of hydrothermal solutions act as the fundamental control determining the development of alteration. As a result, differentiation and evolution of the hydrothermal solutions have taken place in response to this variation from the inner parts outwards as well as from the lower parts upwards. Temporally, mineralization is to a first approximation contemporaneous with, or somewhat later than, alteration. Spatially, it is reflected by the zonal arrangement of alterations in the following sequence: silicification, potassic alterations(?), illitization (or sericitization), montmorillonitization, kaolinization, chloritization-albitization (or pro-pylitization), and etc. Preliminary attempts have been made to apply this "model" to iron and copper depositions.
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