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《Geochimica》 1980-02
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OXYGEN ISOTOPIC COMPOSITION OF METEORIC WATER IN THE EASTERN PART OF XIZANG

Yu J'insheng Zhang Hongbin Yu Fuji Liu Deping  
The Xizang Plateau, with a common altitude of more than 4000 m above sea level, has long been celebrated as "The Roof of the World". In order to study oxygen isotopic composition of meteoric water in the Xizang Plateau Region and its relation-ship with the altitude, we made an investigation tour to the Xizang Plateau, starting from Guizhow, during 1979 from July to October, and 79 meteoric water samples were collected, including brook, well, lake, snow, firn, spring and running waters, at different altitudes. Oxygen isotope analyses indicate that the isotopic composition of meteoric water in the areas more than 4000g and in the western parts of Sichuan-Guizhow shows remarkable altitude effect. There is a negative correlation between σ18O and altitude, which is reflected by -σ18O = 0.0026H+7.75. The average σ18O value for meteoric water in the areas more than 4000m above sea level turns out to be -18.15‰ It is evident that σ18O value for lake water on the plateau is related to its water supply. σ18O value for lake water, in which the evaporation is greater than supply, is approximately three or four times higher than that of supplied water, averaging - 5.74‰. Oxygen isotopic composition of geothermal water can be compared with that of local meteoric water, but shows certain 180-shift, suggesting that the main water-supply" source seems to be meteoric water in the same area
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