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《Geochimica》 1990-03
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A PRELIMINARY STUDY ON THE GEOCHEMISTRY AND ORIGIN OF BONINITES AND BONI-BASALTS

Zhang Qi(Institute of Geology. Academia Sinica, Beijing 100029)  
Both boninite and boni-basalt belong to the boninite series. They are enriched in large ion lithophilc elements (L1LE) and refractory elements but depleted in high field strength ions (HFSE) and HREE than MORB. In comparison to boni-basalts, boninites are rich in SiO2, LILE, Zr and Hf contents and low in Ti/Zr and V/Zr ratios but high in Zr/Y ratio- The REE patterns are characterized by LREE-enrichment and slight LREE-or MREE-depletion. Boni-basalts have higher Ti/Zr and V/Zr but lower Zr/Y ratios than those of the boninites. The REE distribution of boni-basalts is characterized by LREE-or MREE-depletion. There is little doubt that both boninites and boni-basalts were derived from primary magmas, but the significant differences in their geochemical composition suggest that they were originally derived from different sources. Boninites are confined to some locations in the West Pacific (e.g. Bonin, Mariana Trench, Cape Vogel in Papua New Guinea and New Calidonia), and only other two occurrences are known in Dingqin of China and Heathcote of Southeastern Australia. It seems possible that the boninites or low-Ti basalts recovered from ophiolites so far reported in the literature, with the exception of Dinqin and Heathcote, are almost corresponding to the boni-basalts, but do not represent true boninites, for example Troodos, Vourinos, Pindos, Betts Cove and Khan Taishir, as well as Xigaze in China. It is now generally accepted that the boninites in the West Pacific were formed in the fore-arc settings above the subduction zone, but the case may not be true for boni-basalts, which were formed in an initial back-arc basin environment during the early period of spreading of the back-arc basin-
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