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《Geochimica》 1990-04
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Nd ISOTOPIC COMPOSITION AND EVOLUTION OF THE UPPER MANTLE IN THE ARCHAEAN OF NORTH CHINA: CONSTRAINTS ON THE MANTLE HETEROGENEITY OF THE UNMETASOMATIC CONTINENTAL LITHOSPHERE

Li Shuguang(Department of Earth and Space Sciences, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026)Zhang Zongqing(Institute of Geology, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, Beijing 100037)  
The available 9 precise Sm-Nd isotopic ages and their initial Nd isotopic ratios of the Archaean terranes in North China show that the upper mantle of the Archaean (3.5-2.5 Ga) in North China was depleted and the initial εNd values (=+2.2-+3.3) were fairly constant during that time period. This is consistent with the depleted mantle evolution curve of εNd for other parts of the world. These observations suggest that the tectonic regime in the Archaean would cause large quantities of continental material to enter into the mantle, thus maintaining a fairly constant value of εNd. If the major part of the mantle in the continental lithosphere of North China was separated from the convecting mantle during the Archaean time, calculations from the Nd isotopic data and ages of the Archaean terranes in North China and possible Sm/ Nd ratios show that the unmetasomatic mantle in the continental lithosphere of North China is similar to or more depleted than the source of N-type MORB The ENA values are variable at most between+ 7 and+ 23. So far, we have not yet found any continental basalt derived from this kind of unmetasomatic continental lithosphere mantle in North China. If certain continental basalts might be derived from the continental lithosphere, their sources should be enriched as a result of mantle metasomatism and their εNd values should be less than+ 10.
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