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《GEOCHIMICA》 2000-01
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Landscape geochemistry of distribution of selenium in Yutangba mini-landscape,Enshi, Hubei Province, China

ZHU Jian-ming; ZHENG Bao-shan; MAo Da-jun; SU Hong-can(State Key Laboratory of Environment Geochemistry, Institute of Geochemistry,Chinese Academy of Scisnces, Cuiyiang 550002, China;Sanitary and Antiepidemic Station of Enshi Prefecture, Enshi, Hubei 445  
Yutangba, where a sudden incidence of selenium poisoning occurred in 1963, is located in the northern part of Shuanghe Township about 81 km east of Enshi City in the southwest of Hubei Province, China. The average concentrations of selenium in Yutangba are (4.06 ± 1. 24) mg/kg for soil, (4. 36 ± 3. 27) mg/kg for corn root, (3.06 ± 2. 24) mg/kg for corn stem, (9. 79 ± 7. 62) mg/kg for corn leaf and (8. 07 ± 5. 02) mg/kg for corn seed.The study shows that selenium is an active element in the supergene moderate - strong chemically weathering environment in a small area of 0. 01 km2 in Yutangba. The spatial distribution of selenium in soil and corn is significantly uneven. Relatively low-Se, median-Se and high-Se subregions can be distingUished according to soil and corn Se concentrations. Microtopographic features and leaching conditions are the primary factors not only goveming the selenium concentration in soil and com, but also affecting its distribution. Selenium concentration in soil basically controls that in corn.Selenium concentrations differ significantly among the organs of corn and decrease in the following order: tassel(male flower), silk (female flower) leaf seed root stalk leafy husk of the ear. The selenium concentrations in the upper leaves and stalks are greater than those in their lower cognates, and the outer leafy husk of the ear has a greater selenium concentration than the inner leafy husk. This distribution not only indicates that selenium is probably an essential element for corn, but also that, under high-Se background and no Se-accumulating indicator plant conditions, these plant organs with relatively high selenium concentrations may be used as a sensitiveindicator of selenium levels in the environment.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金!49373186
【CateGory Index】: X142
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