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《大气科学进展(英文版)》 2001-05
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80a-Oscillation of Summer Rainfall over the East Part of China and East-Asian Summer Monsoon

Zhu Jinhong and Wang Shaowu Department of Geophysics, Peking University, Beijing 100871  
Relationship between summer rainfall over the east part of China and East-Asian Summer Monsoon (EASM) was studied based on the summer rainfall grade data set from 1470 to 1999 and the rain gauge data set from 1951 to 1999 over the east part of China, and sea level pressure (SLP) data for the period of 1871-2000. A distinct 80a-oscillation of summer rainfall was found over North China (NC), southern part of Northeast China, over the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River (YR) and South China (SC). The 80a oscillation of summer rainfall over NC was varied in phase with that over SC, and was out of phase to that along the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River. Summer rainfall over NC correlated negatively with the SLP averaged for the area from 105°E to 120°E, and from 30°N to 35°N, but positively to that for the area from 120°E to 130°E, and from 20°N to 25°N Therefore, an index of EASM was de- fined by the difference of averaged SLP over the two regions. The summer raintall over NC was greater than normal when the EASM was strong, and while drought occurred along the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River. The drought was found over NC, and flood along the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River when the EASM was close to normal. Finally, the interdecadal variability of EASM was stu- died by using of long term summer rainfall grade data set over NC for the past 530 years
【Fund】: This research was supported by National Key Program for Developing Basic Sciences (G 199804900-Part 1 ).
【CateGory Index】: P425.42
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