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《大气科学进展(英文版)》 2008-04
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The Springtime North Asia Cyclone Activity Index and the Southern Annular Mode

YUE Xu1,2and WANG Huijun 1Nansen-Zhu International Research Centre(NZC), Institute of Atmospheric Physics(IAP),Chinese Academy of Sciences(CAS),Beijing 100029 2Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100049  
The relationship between the North Asia cyclone(NAC)activity and the Southern Annular Mode(SAM) is documented in this research.The definition of the NAC index(NACI)is based on the atmospheric relative vorticity in North Asia.The analysis yields a significant positive correlation between previous winter Southern Annular Mode index(SAMI)and spring NACI in the interannual variability,with a correlation coeffcient of 0.51 during 1948–2000.Analysis of the NAC-related and SAM-related atmospheric general circulation variability demonstrates such a relationship.The study further reveals that when the winter SAM becomes strong,the springtime atmospheric convection in tropical western Pacific will intensify and the local Hadley circulation will be strengthened.As a result,the abnormal subsiding motion over South China makes the temperature gradient intensified in the low level and strengthens the jet in the high level, both of which are beneficial to the development of NAC activity.
【CateGory Index】: P447
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