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《大气科学进展(英文版)》 2010-03
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Influence of the Asian-Pacific Oscillation on Spring Precipitation over Central Eastern China

ZHOU Botao1,2 and ZHAO Ping3 1 Nansen-Zhu International Research Center,Institute of Atmospheric Physics,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100029 2 National Climate Center,China Meteorological Administration,Beijing 100081 3 National Meteorological Information Center,China Meteorological Administration,Beijing 100081  
The linkage between the Asian-Pacific oscillation(APO)and the precipitation over central eastern China in spring is preliminarily addressed by use of the observed data.Results show that they correlate very well,with the positive(negative)phase of APO tending to increase(decrease)the precipitation over central eastern China.Such a relationship can be explained by the atmospheric circulation changes over Asia and the North Pacific in association with the anomalous APO.A positive phase of APO,characterized by a positive anomaly over Asia and a negative anomaly over the North Pacific in the upper-tropospheric temperature,corresponds to decreased low-level geopotential height(H)and increased high-level H over Asia,and these effects are concurrent with increased low-level H and decreased high-level H over the North Pacific.Meanwhile,an anticyclonic circulation anomaly in the upper troposphere and a cyclonic circulation anomaly in the lower troposphere are introduced in East Asia,and the low-level southerly wind is strengthened over central eastern China.These changes provide advantageous conditions for enhanced precipitation over central eastern China.The situation is reversed in the negative phase of APO,leading to reduced precipitation in this region.
【Fund】: supported by the National Basic Research Program of China (2009CB421407);; the Special Fund for Public Welfare Industry(meteorology)(GYHY200906018);; the National Natural Science Foundation of China(90711004 and 40921003)
【CateGory Index】: P434.5
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