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《Earth Science-Journal of China University of Geosciences》 1982-03
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ON EXTENSIONAL TECTONICS

Ma Xingyuan (Institute of Geology, State Seismological Bureau)  
In this paper, the author attempts to provide a perspective of the exten-sional tectonics, which is one of the most widespread categories of tectonic features of the earth crust. It deals firstly with it's definition, distribution and significance. Second, the structural types of the extensional tectonics. Third, the formation and evolution of the extensional tectonics. This article concerns mainly with the problem of intra-continental extension. It encompasses all aspects of the formulation of extensional structural elements, with the normal faults as the main ones, which may lead, unless arrested in their development, to the complete rifting and separation of the continental lithosphere. However it should not be viewed only from the standpoint of high-angle normal faulting. Other extensional mechanisms,such as low-angle normal faults, listric faults, detachment faults, zones of ductile flow and dikes also deserve serious attention.
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