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AN OUTCROP STUDY ON INTERNAL ARCHITECTURE AND HETEROGENEITY OF LACUSTRINE DELTA-FRONT SANDBODIES

Jiao Yangquan Li Sitian Yang Shigong (China University of Geosciences, Wuhan 430074) Chen Junliang (Petroleum Geologic Bureau of North China, Zhengzhou, 450007)  
The research on the internal architecture of reservoirs is the key to the oil and gas fields development in inland lake basins. A study on modern or ancient outcrops is helpful for us to comprehensively understand the similar underground reservoir constructions. In northeast margin of Ordos Basin, 2 - D or 3 - D outcrop sections of lacustrine delta system are preserved well in the Yan'an Formation of Middle Jurassic. This paper suggests that the internal architectures of the mouth bar and subaqueous distributary channel sandbodies , the main elements of delta front, make the reservoirs heterogeneous , which is complicated by diagene-sis (calcareous cementation rich in Fe). The mouth bar sandbody occurs in sheetlike ,and was formed by several depositional events whose uncontinuous surface as well as the sedimentary structures result in the vertical heterogeneity in the mouth bar sandbodies. The channel u-nits, whose basic architecture element is reservoir lithofacies , separated by bottom scour surface and/or inner scour surfaces (third/fourth or fifth-order boundary) are basic architecture elements of subaqueous distributary channel sandbody. The heterogeneity variations of a sedimentary structure; grain size, grain-to-grain filler and sort etc. within channel unit are con- trolled by paleocurrent energy changes , and the internal architecture and heterogeneity of sandbodies controlled the porosity, permeability and the distribution of fluid-flow unit in reservoirs.
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