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DISTINGUISHING CRITERIA OF RELICT BASIN AND THEIR SIGNIFICANCE IN PETROLEUM GEOLOGY

Zhang Jiahua (China University of Geosciences, Wuhan 430074)  
The basic types and distinguishing criteria of the relict basin and their significance in petroleum geology are analyzed through the study of three basins Ningming, Shangsi and Haiyuan of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. It is indicated that the relict basin was formed through the intensive transformation of the prototype sedimentary basin by the later tectogenesis. There are mainly two types: compressive thrust and vertical uplift. The relict basin is characterized by its much smaller area than prototype basin, noticable denudation, considerable changes of proto-compressive basin appearance and high maturity of oil-generating strata. In oil-gas geological condition the relict basin is generally not so favorable as the contemporaneous sedimentary basin does, but it is characterized by small scale, shallow occurrence and easy mining of oil-gas pool.
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