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Uplifting since Quaternary in Southeastern Qilian Mountains and Its Dynamic Analysis

FAN Guang-ming, ZHANG Zhi-yong, GU Yan-sheng, ZHANG Hai-feng, FENG Guang-sheng (Faculty of Earth Sciences, China University of Geosciences, Wuhan430074, China)  
Quaternary structures and those multipleage stress changes reveal that the uplifting in southeastern Qilian Mountains results from the long-distance effect of the Indian plate compression and multiplex uplift mechanism on the adjacent massifs, producing the compression-uplifting, extension-uplifting and sinistral strike-slip uplifting in the area. The analysis of the stress and marker structures indicates that the uplift dynamic mechanism changes have occurred since Early Pleistocene epoch. The early Early Pleistocene is mainly NE-SW direction compression, the Middle Pleistocene to Early Holocene, mainly NE-SW and approaching E-W direction extension, while the Late Holocene is mainly NW-SE sinistral strike-slip. The stream valley downcutting rate since 1.41 Ma is estimated according to relative date of terrace from Huangshui River. The average rate from 1.41 Ma to 36.4 ka is slower, 0.11 mm/a, from 36.4 ka to the present, it is 1.54 mm/a and from 10.5 ka to 3 ka is 2.27-2.80 mm/a, the most rapid. It is shown that the tectonic uplifting in the area tends to be more and more intense since 1.41 Ma.
【Fund】: 中国地质调查局“民和县幅 1∶2 5万数字地质填图项目”(No .2 0 0 2 13 0 0 0 0 16) ;; “数字填图过程、多元数据整合及成果表达方式研究”(No .基 [2 0 0 3 ] 0 0 9-0 2 ) .
【CateGory Index】: P542
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