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《Earth Science(Journal of China University of Geosciences)》 2008-06
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Three-Stage Tectonic Evolution and Metallogenic Evolution in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau and Its Adjacent Area

LI De-wei Faculty of Earth Sciences and Center for Tibetan Plateau Studies,China University of Geosciences,Wuhan 430074,China  
The Qinghai-Tibet plateau has trichotomy of temporal-spatial structure and three scales of dynamic system.The plateau includes northern,eastern and southern basin-mountain systems adjusted by three(northern,eastern and western) syntaxes that are separately controlled by Siberia plate,Pacific plate and India ocean plate,which underwent three tectonic stages including Precambrian supercontinent-superocean coupling,southward ocean-continent coupling of Proto-Tethys,Pa-leo-Tethys,Meso-Tethys,and Neo-Tethys that separately took place in the Caleodonian period,Indosinian period,Yans-hanian period and Early Himalayan period and intraplate basin-mountain coupling separately driven by laminar flow in core(core dynamics or global dynamics),laminar layer in mantle(mantle dynamics or lithospheric dynamics) and laminar flow in crust(crustal dynamics or dynamic dynamics),composing an earth system dynamics system.The Qinghai-Tibetan plateau is not the result of collision between the Indian plate and the Eurasia plate,but intraplate basin-mountain coupling driven by lower crust lateral flow from basin to plateau,which can be subdivided into two stages:intraplate orogeny characteristized by tectonic uplift,horizontal movement,geological process and metallogenesis during 180-7 Ma southward migration from Qilian-Kunlun to Himalaya and isostatic mountain building characteristized by pulsative integral quick uplift,vertical move-ment,geographical process and environmental change since 3.6 Ma.Tectonic pedigree determines mineralizing pedigree.Multistage regional tectonic evolution causes the increase of crustal maturity and enhancement of mineral deposit density.Three stages of tectonic and metallogenic evolution in the Qinghai-Tibet plateau include six main mineralizing phases inclu ding 1,8-1.4 Ga,500-420 Ma,300-260 Ma,180-120 Ma.65-30 Ma,and 23-7 Ma,constituting a metallogenic dy namics evolutional system,in which 1.8-1.4 Ga rifting event of supercontinent resulted in formation for Dahongshan-type reworked marine volcanic sedimentary iron-copper deposit,Jinchuan-type copper and nickel sulfide deposits associated with mafic and ultramafic rocks;500-420 Ma rifting of Proto-Tethys,300-260 Ma rifting of Paleo-Tethys,and 180-120 Ma rifting of Meso-Tethys and Neo-Tethys controlled Luobusha-type mantle shear and reworking vein(podiform) chromite de posits,Gacun-type volcanics-hosted massive sulfide(VHMS) deposits;180-120Ma intraplate extension in the northern plateau,65-30 Ma intraplate extension in the central plateau and 23-7 Ma intraplate extension in the southern plateau formed the Qulong-type porphyry Cu deposits,Ailaoshan-type shear zone Au deposits,and Jinding-type continental sedi mentary rock-hosted Pb-Zn deposits.
【Fund】: 国家重大基础研究前期研究专项(No.2005CCA05600);; 国家自然科学基金项目(No.40572113)
【CateGory Index】: P542
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