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《Earth Science(Journal of China University of Geosciences)》 2009-04
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Reason for Gold and Copper Discovery in Mountain with Tungsten and Tin Discovery on Plain

ZHANG Qi1,JIN Wei-jun1,LI Cheng-dong2,WANG Yuan-long11.Institute of Geology and Geophysics,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 1000292.Tianjin Institute of Geology and Mineral Resources,China Geological Survey,Tianjin 300170  
Gold and copper are two different types of mineral resources.Gold and copper are often accompanied,while tungsten and tin are often accompanied,but gold and copper are usually not together with tungsten and tin.Researches indicate the gold and copper,mainly connected with the adakite and Himalaya-type granite,originated in the thickened bottom of crust.And correspondingly,plateau or the mountain occur on the earth's surface.The tungsten and tin are mainly relevant to the granite from Nanling area of China,and represent the thinned crust originated in the plain area with the relative low elevation.Therfore,from the view of prospecting,the gold and copper should be prospected in a mountain,while the tungsten and tin should be prospected in a plain.In this paper,we suggest that seven mountains in China(such as North Mountain of the North China,West Qinling-East Kunlun mountains,Erguna mountain,Songpan-Zhongdian mountain,Hunan-Jiangxi mountain,Fujian-Zhejiang mountain and the Ailaoshan-Qiangtang mountain),two plateaus(East China Plateau and Hunan Range)and present Qinghai-Xizang Plateau would be the spot where gold and copper can be prospected since the Triassic period in China.We propose to prospect gold and copper ore on these plateaus and mountains,and point out that the gold is closely related to the Himalaya type granite.We believe that the South China is best place to prospect tungsten and tin,but attention should be also paid on prospecting tungsten and tin in other places.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金重大研究计划(No.90714011)
【CateGory Index】: P618.2
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