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《Earth Science(Journal of China University of Geosciences)》 2011-05
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Architecture and Characteristics of Mass Transport Deposits(MTDs) in Qiongdongnan Basin in Northern South China Sea

HE Yun-long1,2,XIE Xi-nong1,LU Yong-chao1,LI Jun-liang3,Zhang Cheng1,JIANG Tao1,SU Ming1 1.Key Laboratory of Tectonics and Petroleum Resources of Ministry of Education,China University of Geosciences,Wuhan 430074,China 2.CAS Key Laboratory of Marginal Sea Geology,Guangzhou Institute of Geochemistry,Guangzhou 510640,China 3.China National Offshore Oil Corporation Limited,Zhanjiang 524057,China  
In order to understand the deepwater depositional system in Qiongdongnan basin better,this study interprets the deepwater depositional architectures based on the regional 2D and 3D seismic data and it is found that large-scale MTDs are well developed in Qiongdongnan basin.According to the detailed study on MTDs,typical elements have been identified such as slide,escarpment,transported blocks,remnant blocks,compression ridge,thrust fault and ponded depositon on the irregular top surface.The MTDs on the slope with steep angles are characterized by chaotic seismic facies with tense deformation,while those on the gentle-angle slope are characterized by the slide with less deformation,which indicates that the angle of the slope has obvious control effect on the development and internal architecture features of MTDs.Being regarded as an important part of deepwater deposition,MTDs have an important effect on the spatial distribution of sediment in deepwater.On the one hand,the irregular top surface of MTDs affects the distribution and internal architecture of succedent sediments;on the other hand,MTDs erodes the former strata directly and wrecks the internal structure of former strata.And also,the erosion can give rise to effusion of the fluid in potential reservoir.Hence,according to its important role in deepwater deposition system,it is necessary to further the elaborate study on the MTDs to make the deepwater exploration more efficiently.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金重点项目(No.91028009);国家自然科学基金青年基金项目(No.41002031);; 中国科学院广州地球化学研究所边缘海地质重点实验室开放基金资助项目(MSGL11-04);; 国家重点基础研究发展规划“973”项目(No.2007CB411705-05);; 中国地质大学(武汉)中央高校基本科研业务费专项基金(No.2011029060)
【CateGory Index】: P736.2
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