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《Earth Science(Journal of China University of Geosciences)》 2011-06
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Earthquake Triggered Landslide Susceptibility Evaluation Based on GIS Platform and Weight-of-Evidence Modeling

XU Chong1,2,DAI Fu-chu2,XU Xi-wei1 1.National Center for Active Fault Studies,Institute of Geology,Chinese Earthquake Administration,Beijing100029,China 2.Institute of Geology and Geophysics,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing100029,China  
Wenchuan earthquake triggered tens of thousands of landslides.Eight factors that influence landslide occurrence,including seismic intensity,lithology,slope angle,faults,elevation,slope aspect,drainages,and roads were created in raster data format base on geographical information system(GIS) and remote sensing(RS) technologies.The landslide hazard map was derived by using weight-of-evidence modeling.Earthquake-induced landslide susceptibility zonings of other eight impact factor combination categories were analyzed and mapped one after another,using GIS raster analysis methods.The eight different impact factor combinations analysis suggests that seismic intensity play an important role in determining the landslide susceptibility index value,while geological,geomorphological,and human-related factors only play minor roles.The resulting susceptibility map was divided into five categories,i.e.extremely high,high,moderate,low,and extremely low by using Natural Breaks law.The validation results show satisfactory agreement between the susceptibility map and the existing data on landslide distributions in the form of area under curve(AUC) up to 81.855%.The area with extremely high and high susceptibility accounts for about 11255.93km2,23.12% of the study area,including landslide areas of 521.98km2,73.36% of all landslide occurrence areas.
【Fund】: 科学技术部国际科技合作项目(No.2009DFA21280);; 国家自然科学基金项目(Nos.40821160550 40974057)
【CateGory Index】: P642.22
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