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《Progress In Geophysics》 2003-01
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The shape study of magma driven crack

LUAN Xi wu 1 ,QIN Yun shan 1 ,SONG Hai bin 2 ,SHI Yao lin 3(1. Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao 266071, China; 2. Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100029, China; 3. Graduate School, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100039, China)  
Axies magma chamber(AMC) is one of the most important part of oceanic crust in the active spreading center. Once the magma reaches to the AMC from the deep magma reservoir, the segregated magma will break the upper layer and continually migrated towards the surface driven by the buoyancy. The magma driven crack formed in this progress. Based on the Boussinesq model, the problem of magma crack migration was discussed in this paper and the Genetic Algorithm was used to calculated the shape of the magma driven crack. Assume the limited width far from the crack tip is 1, the width of the crack becomes lager and lager as coming near to the crack tip and reaches almost 2 at the tip. Based on the measured parameters of magma fluid given by references, the paper points that the limited width of the magma driven crack is about 1 meter.
【Fund】: 大洋“十五”项目 (DY10 5 0 1 0 1 6);; 国家自然科学基金项目 ( 4 0 0 0 60 0 4);; 国家重点发展规划项目 (G2 0 0 0 0 4670 3 0 3 )联合资助 .
【CateGory Index】: P313
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