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《Progress in Geophysics》 2006-04
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The comparison of some time-frequency analysis methods

CHEN Yu-hong~1,YANG Chang-chun~1,CAO Qi-fang~2,LI Bo-tao~1,SHANG Yong-sheng~1(1.Institute of Geology and Geophysics,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100029,China;2.Shengli exploration research institute,Dongying 257100,China)  
The seismic data usually is a non-linear non-stationary series for many reasons,so the Fourier transform based on stationary signal can not show the news of frequency at sometime.The time-frequency analysis can give the news of time and frequency at the same time,now there have many methods of time-frequency analysis.This paper introduces eight methods of time-frequency analysis,such as Hilbert transform,Hilbert-Huang transform,sine curve fitting,Ricker wavelet matching,short time Fourier transform,wavelet transform,S transform and Cohen methods.This paper explains the merits and defects of those methods from the time resolution,frequency resolution and the adaptive ability of multi-frequency signals.Moreover,this paper explains the advantages and shortcomings of some methods deeply by some test cases.
【Fund】: 中科院院知识创新工程重大项目(kzcx1-sw-18)资助
【CateGory Index】: P631.4
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