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《Progress in Geophysics》 2008-01
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The prelude to the research of fine structures of crust and upper mantle and continental dynamics in China:its development trends and enlightenment from deep seismic reflection exploration of the Qaidam basin in 1958

TENG Ji-wen(Institude of Geology and Geophysics,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100029,China)  
It is widely accepted that rising of the Himalayas Mountains,uplift of the Tibetan plateau,and deep processes associated with formation and generation of ranges,rocks,basins,minerals and disasters,are the most important issues of geodynamics in East Asia as well as in the word.Actually,for the first time in China the seismic reflection exploration performed in the Qaidam basin since 1958 was the prelude to this research field,which is of great significance for probing fine structures and upper mantle as well as the interiors of the neighboring Tibetan plateau.During the last 50 years this initiative work in the Qaidam basin has been guiding the studies of dynamics for the Tibetan plateau and continental tectonics in our country.The seismic survey result shows that the thickness of the sediment in the Qaidam basin is up to 15~19 km,which generates return-Refracted waves and multiples of varied kinds and paths.The crust of this area is 50~52 km thick,with high-velocity intercalations and low-velocity layers.Beneath the basin the Moho interface consists of interbedded high-velocity and low-velocity layers.And the P wave ve-locity of the uppermost mantle is 8.1km/s.These data remain valuable for present research of the Qaidam basin as well as the Tibetan plateau.To commemorate this departure of probing fine structures of crust and upper mantle and continental dynamics in China,this paper attempts to address several scientific issues about the deep structures and dynamics of the Tibetan plateau,which are involved with resources and natural disasters in the continent as well as understanding the Earth itself.Meanwhile some suggestive views are presented for the planning and implementation of the relevant research in this region.
【Fund】: 2007年中国科学院学部咨询项目;; 中国科学院知识创新工程重要方向(KZCX3-SW-148);; 国家自然科学基金资助项目(4043009)联合资助
【CateGory Index】: P541
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