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《Progress in Geophysics》 2013-03
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Research progress on major structures of tropical cyclone boundary layer

MA Lei-ming(Shanghai Typhoon Institute/CMA,Shanghai 200030,China)  
The dynamical and thermodynamical structure of Planetary Boundary Layer(PBL) determines the genesis and development of tropical cyclone(TC) to a large extent.First,TC PBL serves as the source layer for the genesis of TC convection.It is also the interface for the exchange of energy among ocean,land,and atmosphere,which provides the energy for TC development.Second,PBL is the major source of moisture required by the growth of convection.Third,as TC making landfall,the increased friction associated with the change of terrain and PBL structure,enhances convergence,convection and turbulence.Knowledge on these characteristics of PBL helps to better understand the mechanism of TC evolution,which is the basis for the analysis and prediction of landfalling TC.Based on previous research on TC PBL,this study reviews the recent progress of research on TC PBL structures,such as,PBL wind,turbulence exchange,PBL rolls,energy,and moisture transportation.Special emphasis is focused on the role of TC PBL inflow in the energy balance and moisture flux,the mechanism and characteristics of supergradient wind,as well as the features of PBL rolls in association with momentum flux and TC intensity change,which extends the knowledge on the role of TC PBL in TC evolution.For the future study,this study suggests appropriate use of PBL theory in TC numerical prediction.Besides the data assimilation of PBL observations in numerical model,new approaches are requested to be developed to optimize PBL parameterization schemes associated with TC vortex structure based on better understanding of TC model initialization and PBL physics,which is believed to be an efficient engine for the improvement of TC prediction.
【Fund】: 国家973项目(2009CB421500 2013CB430300);; 国家自然科学基金项目(40705024 40921160381);; 国家公益性行业研究专项(GYHY201006007 GYHY201006008 GYHY201006016)联合资助
【CateGory Index】: P444
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