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《Progress in Geophysics》 2013-06
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Review of the noises attenuation of deep reflection seismic data

ZHU Xiao-san;GAO Rui;LI Qiu-sheng;GUAN Ye;LU Zhan-wu;WANG Hai-yan;Institute of Geology,Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences;  
It's very difficult to remove all the noises mixed with the signal of seismic data and keep most of reflection energy without changed due to the energy of deep reflection signal is very week.In this study several methods of reducing noises from deep reflection seismic data have been discussed in detail.Either anomalously large amplitudes or small ones can be removed using anomalous amplitude attenuation method.The anomalous amplitude process sequence can reduce the spikes and large amplitude noises in seismic data containing anomalous time zones and improve the ratio of signal versus noise.In order to enhance the coherent signal within a range of specified dip angles and suppress both random noise and coherent energy outside that range,the radial predictive filter method can summarize weightedly the adjacent traces which have been time variantly shifted to line up at the angle of maximum coherency.Surface-consistent deconvolution method can reduce the noise and improve the ration of signal versus noise in depth direction by smoothing the seismic wavelets.According to a certain statistics rules of seismic data,random noise can be removed by splitting the seismic data into its predictable part which contains the signal,and into its unpredictable part which contains most of random noise.It's very important to remove most of the noises in seismic data in efficient ways and improve the energy of signal,which provides the basis for the rest processing of deep reflection seismic data.
【Fund】: 中国地质科学院地质研究所所长基金项目(编号:J1124);; 深部探测(SinoProbe)项目联合资助
【CateGory Index】: P631.44
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