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《Progress in Geophysics》 2014-05
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Fiber Laser micro-seismic geophone Research and Application Prospects

ZHANG Fa-xiang;WU Xue-bing;LI Shu-juan;LIU Xiao-hui;LV Jing-sheng;LIU Jia;Laser Institute,Shandong Academy of Science;Institute of Acoustics,Chinese Academy of Sciences;Equipment Department of SINOPEC Geophysical Co.Ltd.;  
Hydraulic fracturing has been seen as the key methods of extracting unconventional oil and gas resources,and micro-seismic monitoring technology is the major technology to evaluate the effect of hydraulic fracturing. Microseismic monitoring also is used for reservoir monitoring of thermal processes, drill-cuttings injection, geothermal hotdry-rock stimulations,reservoir surveillance,and many other processes in oil and gas and mining. As very small earthquakes(microseisms)induced by downhole process need to be detected and located to provide geometric and behavioral information about the process,and typically,microseisms associated with fracturing dominant frequencies extending from 200 to approximately 1kHz,micro-seismic monitoring needs very high sensitivity, large bandwidth micro-seismic geophones.Traditional coil geophones may not be suitable for microseismic monitoring for not enough high frequency sensitivity.Fiber optic geophones have potentially advantages such as more sensitive,improved high frequency response,high temperature capable and immune to electromagnetic interference.The fiber laser based geophone technology has been fast developing in recent years and it is likely to replace the existing coil geophones due to their high sensitivity,ease of multiplexing and compact size.In this paper,a fiber laser micro-seismic geophone based on an L shape beam structure is designed and is compared with the traditional coil geophone. The test is focused on the high frequency response of the two kind geophones.The results show that the fiber laser micro-seismic geophone has a flat frequency response up to 500 Hz,a very high sensitivity an better high-frequency signal to noise ratio than traditional coil geophone,indicates that the fiber laser geophone high frequency sensitivity is 10 times higher than conventional.The possible of using fiber laser micro-seismic geophone in micro-seismic monitoring are also discussed.This paper provide an investigation and experimental basis for the use of fiber laser micro-seismic geophone in the micro-seismic monitoring of hydraulic fracturing.
【Fund】: 山东省优秀中青年科学家科研奖励基金(BS2013DX038);; 济南市高校院所自主创新项目(201302005)联合资助
【CateGory Index】: P631.436
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