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《Progress in Geophysics》 2014-06
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Geophysical exploration for magmatic Cu-Ni sulfide deposits in the orogenic belt:current status,problems and vistas

YAO Zhuo-sen;QIN Ke-zhang;Key Laboratory of Mineral Resources,Institute of Geology and Geophysics,Chinese Academy of Sciences;University of Chinese Academy of Sciences;  
Geophysical explorations have played an important role in the discovery of many magmatic Cu-Ni sulfide deposits.Comparing to the surrounding country rocks,sulfide ores posses strong anomaly in many physical properties including electrical property,density and magnetic susceptibility,leading to the geophysical anomalies of higher magnetic force,higher gravity,higher polarizability and lower resistivity,which is the theoretical basis of the traditional geophysical methods for magmatic Cu-Ni sulfide deposits.In Central Asian Orogenic Belt(CAOB),the deposits mostly show the characteristic that large Cu-Ni deposits occurred in small intrusions,especially in Eastern Tianshan Ni-Cu belt and Kalatongke ore district.These Ni-Cu deposits occurred in CAOB are so much complicated in intrusion size,occurrence,lithofacies,orebearing lithology and space distribution of orebodies,making the traditional geophysical exploration in the orogenic belts is more difficult.The maximum exploitation depth of foreign NiCu deposits has reached more than 4000 meters,and the largest mining depth is 2450 meters.Whereas,the similar type of deposits are only 1600 meters and 900 meters respectively,which needs to be improved. Recent development in geophysical technology,including high-resolution shallow-level seismic reflection,borehole transient electromagnetic method,borehole gravity and airborne electromagnetic,throw light on these problems,and may represent the development tendency of fine exploration for Cu-Ni deposit in the near future.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金重点项目(41030424);; 新疆有色集团东天山、喀拉通克铜镍硫化物矿床预测评价研究项目联合资助
【CateGory Index】: P631;P618.41;P618.63
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