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《Chinese Journal of Sinica》 1963-02
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PHASE VELOCITIES OF RAYLEIGH WAVES IN CHINA

TSENG JUNG-SHENG SUNG ZI-AN (Institute of Geophysics and Meteorology,Academia Sinica)  
The phase velocities of Rayleigh waves in China were obtained by using the seis- mograms from twelve stations in China.Two earthquakes from New Britain Islands were chosen.The amplitudes of Rayleigh Waves with the period of about 35 seconds are considerably smaller than their following phases with shorter periods.This particular feature of the seismograms can be traced from most of the stations.It makes the cor- relation more feasible.Detailed correlations are obtained by analyzing the variation of periods with distances and also the arrival times of each crest of Rayleigh waves in the seismograms.The phase velocities of separate regions as computed from two different earthquakes are in good agreement.The results show that in calculating the phase velo- cities with tripartite method,the corrections due to different oceanic paths can not be neglected if the angular distances between them were great.Because the parameters of the earth crust in China are not well-known,we have to compare these calculated phase velocities of Rayleigh waves in China with the revised phase velocity nomograms of Rayleigh waves by Press,based on the materials obtained in Africa.The crust thick- nesses in separate regions are thus computed,the results being merely tentative.How- ever,unless more geophysical data were available,these data as given by this method still show a rather close correlation with the principal tectonic features in China.In the region of Tibetan Plateau,the phase velocities are very low,and the calculated thick- ness of the earth crust there is 74 kms;whereas in the region of southeastern coast,the phase velocities are high,and the calculated thickness is only 20 kms.
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