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《Chinese Journal of Sinica》 1978-02
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AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF THE STRUCTURE OF THE EARTH'S CRUST AND UPPER MANTLE BY CONVERTED WAVES

SHAO XUE-ZHONG ZHANG JIA-RU YANG XIAO-FENG ZHANG XIAO-HULEI SHENG-LI WANG QI-MING GAO WEI-AN (Institute of Geology, National of Seismological Bureau)  
When P waves from distant earthquakes meet a velocity discontinuity in the earth's crust and upper mantle, they give rise to a series of converted PS waves besides PP refracted waves. The difference of arrival times between such PS and PP waves can be used to determine the structures in the earth's crust and upper mantle.For the first time, method converted waves from distant earthquakes have been tried in the Shiahjin-Gautarng (夏津-高唐) region of western Shandung, Province and in the Changpirng (昌平) area west of Peking.Polarization filtering was employed to analyze the seismic data in order to increase the reliability in identifying the PS phases. As a result, the crustal structures in these two regions have been found and it is indicated that the main deep discontinuities thus obtained are essentially the same as those determined by deep seismic sounding experiments using explosions.
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