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《Chinese Journal of Sinica》 1978-02
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A MODEL EXPERIMENT OF PROSPECTING OF FAULTS BY THE REFRACTION METHOD——CERTAINF EATURES ON THE SEISMOGRAMS

HUANG HONG-ZE  
In the prospecting of faults by the refraction method, not only the ordinary refracted waves from the downthrow and upthrow sides of a fault and the diffracted waves from the fault plane are observed but also certain secondary waves resulted from diffraction and transmission can be recorded on the seismograms. The whole set of waves constitutes a very complicated picture of the seismograms. If their kinematic and dynamic characteristics are not capable of being recognized and distinguished, it would be very hard to interpret the results of fault prospecting by the refraction method. In most of the previous literatures, only the diffraction phenomena on the edge of a plate have been discussed while the secondary waves by diffraction and refraction appearing possibly on seismographie records when both the upthrow and downthrow sides of the fault are present have been neglected.In this paper, the results of a model experiment using ultrasonic impulses are described and studies made in connection with the prospecting of faults by the refraction method of different throw magnitudes, the recorded anomalous refracted waves and secondary waves.
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