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《Chinese Journal of Sinica》 1979-01
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STRESS MEASUREMENTS IN NORTH CHINA

LI FANG-QUAN(Seismotectonic Brigade, State Seismological Bureau)WANG LIAN-JIE (Institute of Geomechanics, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences)  
At first, the authors describe here the principle and method of measuring the ground stress, including the construction of the stress guage employed, the technique of over-coring, laboratory model experiments, testing of the dependability of the stress measurements.In North China we used the method of over-coring to determine the absolute value of the ground stress. Although the observation was always made at a depth of less than 30 meters and the directions of the maximum principal stress are not entirely the same at each locality, but in considering the North China Region as a whole, the ground stress fieldis compressive and the predominant direction of its principal stress is NWW to EW.The absolute stress value determined within the epicentral region of a strong earthquake is usually less than that of the region outside it. It may indicate the process of stress release and adjustment of the stress field during the strong ear-thquakes.
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