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《Chinese Journal of Geophysics》 1980-01
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A CALCULATION FOR THE FLARE-PRODUCED SHOCK WAVE NEAR THE EARTH'S ORBIT BASED ON FORBUSH DECREASE OF COSMIC RAYS

Wei Peng-si (Institute of Space Physics, Academia Sinica)  
In this paper, a model for flare-produced shock wave near the Earth's orbit is obtained based on the east-west asymmetry of Forbush decrease amplitude with the longitudinal distribution of parent flares. It is found that the shock wave propagates anisotropically and shows the east-west asymmetry. A region of intensive magnetic field is in the west part of shock wave and weak in the east. Contrary to this, distri-bution of dynamic parameters and plasma parameters are such that the east part is higher than the west part. The flare-produced disturbances have an azimuthal velocity easterly and westerly respectively. Such a model and theoretical inferences from it agree with observational data. It can give a unified and natural explanation for the east-west asymmetry effects of the magnetic disturbances and Forbush decrease of cosmic rays and others. The possible cause of such an east-west asymmetry of flow of flare-plasma is also discussed.
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