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《Chinese Journal of Geophysics》 1981-01
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PALAEOMAGNETIC OBSERVATION IN XIZANG AND CONTINENTAL DRIFT

ZHU ZHI-WEN ZHU XIANG-YUAN ZHANG YI-MING (Institute of Geophysics, Academia Sinica)  
Up to now opinions differ on the location of the contact zone between the Eurasian plate and the Indian plate. Some scientists assert that it is at the southern foot of the Himalaya mountain and others assert that it is at the zone of the upper Indus River to the Yarlung Zangbo River valley. Someone even suggests that it is at Pang-kog Co. To resolve this question, we have collected a large number of oriented rock samples from the both sides of Yarlung Zangbo River during the scientific expedition in Qinghai-Xizang Plateau. Palaeomagnetic studies were made on the Pliocene sediments in Pagri; Paleocene and Late Cretaceous red sandstone in Lhiinzhub and Biru, Grano-diorite in Zhamo (K-Ar age 76.3M.Y), Cretaceous limestone in Tingri; Late Jurassic limestone in Lhasa; Jurassic slate in Gyangz(?); Triassic sandstone in Tulung.The results indicate that the northern side of the upper Indus River and the Yarlung Zangbo River belong to the Eurasian plate, while the southern side belongs to the Indian plate.According to the palaeolatitude variations, the Indian plate drifted towards the north. Since Cretaceous it has been moving with an averege speed of less than 5.5 cm/yr.
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