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《Chinese Journal of Geophysics》 1983-03
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PRELIMINARY ESTIMATION TO THE CRUSTAL THERMAL STATE OF THE HIMALAYAN REGION

LI HONG-JI(Institute of Geophysics, Academia Sinica)  
The crustal temperature distribution and conductive heat flows of the Himalayan region were estimated by non-linear finite element method.There are different crustal temperature structures in the Himalayan region. The temperature contour lines on the south of the Himalayan mountain range are relatively even and the conductive heat flows are less than 1.5 HFU, whereas on the north, the distribution of contour lines are clearly concentrated from the earth surface to 20 km depth. However, the contour lines below 20 km are circularly distributed. The conductive heat flows on the north of Himalayan mountain range are from 1.5 HFU to 2.1 HFU.Based upon the analysis of the distribution of the temperature contour lines, a possible partial melting area has been drawn in the southern part of Xizang plateau and the result of this analysis ha,s been compared with those obtained from other geological and geophysical data.
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