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《Chinese Journal of Geophysics》 1984-01
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ON THE VELOCITY STRUCTURE OF LOWER LITHOSPHERE

ZENG RONG-SHENG HU HONG-XIANG GAO SHI-YU(Institute of Geophysies, State Seismological Bureau of China)  
Analyzing the records obtained from the deep seismic soundings in North China Plain and Saudi-Arabia, it has been noticed that the first arrival Pn can be correlated continuously without interruption up to a distance of 500 km from the shot point. No phase shift occurs at this interval. At a distance of 350-500 km from the shot point, there are one or two strong later arrivals, with the same velocity as Pn. In comparison with the results obtained from the field experiments in shallow sedimentary layers, it is concluded that in the region of lower lithosphere, one or two high velocity thin layers with thickness less than 1 km are embedded in a normal uppermost mantle medium of lower velocity. The existence of embedded high velocity thin layers in lower lithosphere may be of significance in the evolution of the lithosphere.
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